A forgiveness quote that resonates with me at this moment is by Lewis B. Smedes,
Healthy anger drives us to do something to change what makes us angry; anger can energize us to make things better. Hate wants to make things worse.
Thinking of this quote as a ‘forgiveness quote’ (although there is no mention of the word forgiveness) suggests that perhaps forgiveness can have something to do with a desire for social change. This sentiment mirrors an interest of mine, that of Nonviolence as a strategy for social change.
Nonviolent social change ideology insists that one cannot bring about peace through violent means. This parallels the notion that “hate wants to make things worse”. Hate in response to an injustice will not result in an improved relationship or personal well-being. The strong negative emotion of hate will only bring about more negativity.
While hate begets negativity, the feelings of anger can act in the opposite way, as a force for reconciliation. This may, at first, seem counterintuitive. Yet if an injustice does not stir any strong emotion, it is unlikely to result in changed actions. The strong emotion of anger can act as a sort of fuel, to propel one into action, perhaps to take a risk – or as Allan G. Johnson named it in his book, Privilege, Power and Difference, to get off the path of least resistance – and do something that will effect change.
An example of how anger can be used as a force for good, is when Mahatma Gandhi used his anger toward racial injustice to fuel his Nonviolent action (Nonviolence) that led to India’s eventual independence from the rule of Great Britain. This independence was achieved through nonviolent means that also allowed for reconciliation and a working relationship between these two nations. Gandhi recognized that the best way to ‘fight back against the enemy’ was to make him your friend. This required forgiveness. Anger was the fuel that motivated Gandhi’s creativity in developing a means for achieving peaceful reconciliation.
Another example of anger used as a force for good is that of the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.’s use of Nonviolence in the U.S. Civil Rights Movement of the 1960’s. I read a news article yesterday, in the Daily Kos, that described Dr. King’s accomplishments in a different way than I have ever before considered. (I have recently begun to study a U.S. history that has not been ‘white-washed’ !) What was brought to light in that article was that some folks might think that Dr. King was less-than-effective in his leadership, because there is still a great deal of racial inequality in the U.S. today. Yet, this is not the only way to see and understand this situation. In reality, and the thing that is difficult for many folks to see (we may tend to turn away from seeing what we consider ugly), is that the Reverend effectively led a movement that ended a reign of violent terror in the U.S. In this way, the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. used his anger toward racial oppression to fuel a successful social movement that brought a greater degree of social justice to oppressed groups of people.
I think that perhaps when we are engaged in feelings of hatred, we have a very limited view – that of our own pain and suffering. Hatred could be a driving force behind the ‘white-washing’ of history. Hatred for what was done in the past. Hatred for the legacy of racism. Hatred for slavery and violence. Hatred for the massacre and extermination of so many people. This hatred can be blinding in that it prevents some folks from looking very closely at the awful truth. This leads to an incomplete and therefore rather mythical version and understanding of U.S. history (and therefore even ourselves today). In forgiving, we may be better able to see a larger version of the truth – including the ugly parts – in a way that allows us to respond in thoughtful ways, rather than simply reacting to it.
Injustice can cause strong emotions such as anger and hatred, but these two strong emotions are not similar. Hate is a destructive force, while anger may be thought of as a force that can motivate one into action that may result in positive social change including forgiveness and possibly even reconciliation.
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